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I’ve been hand-hacking wp-includes/pluggable.php for several releases now. It just got old – so I decided to learn to write a real plugin to move the functionality of wp_redirect into my private plugin.

Here’s the issue. I have several sites that check that a user is logged in. These use runphp or exec-php so I can write/include PHP on the page:

/* Short and sweet */
global $user_level,$post,$user_login;
// get user information
echo "Please wait … securing your connection …";
if ( $user_level == 0) {
// $user_level == 0 is anonymous or not logged in user
wp_redirect(get_option(‘siteurl’) . ‘/photos/sorry’);
else {
// $user_level >0 means they are logged in at least
wp_redirect(get_option(‘siteurl’) . ‘/wpg2’);

The issue I’ve always had with this is that the standard wp_redirect writes the location information cleanly; because we are already in the page (and headers have already been written) Apache throws up and kills this:

[Thu Dec 31 04:51:18 2009] [error] [client] PHP Warning:  Cannot modify header information – headers already sent by (output started at /www/foosite/wp-content/themes/regulus/header.php:5) in /www/foosite/wp-content/plugins/php-modify-headers-apache/php-modify-headers-apache.php on line 38, referer: http://foosite

The hand written fixes checked to see if headers had been sent; if so then do the naughty meta http-equiv refresh with the url instead.

if( !headers_sent() ) {
if ($is_IIS)
header("Refresh: 0;url=$location");
header("Location: $location");
} else
echo "<meta http-equiv='refresh' content='0;url=$location' />";

Testing the plugin now. Details later.